As environmental concerns grow for R&D teams, OEMs look to bring the strategy further into the mainstream.
With limited reserves and strict environmental regulations, re-cyclers look to established extraction means to reuse, recycle, and dispose of the used batteries.
Automakers seek vision systems with greater distances, improved reliability, and more functionality, thanks to ruggedized complementary metal-oxide semiconductor technologies.
With composites now a mainstay in most new aircraft de-signs, the engineering emphasis has switched from understanding if they work to thinking through the most efficient way to manufacture them, such as using design-for-manufacturing software.
Unmanned vehicles are a thing of the present for many off-highway applications, particularly in the agriculture and mining industries.